Exercise prescription forms an integral part of most physiotherapy rehabilitation program. Exercise is essential to recovery from sports injuries, following surgery, after an acute trauma such as from a fall or fracture, in the management of acute and chronic low back pain, neck pain and headaches and in the treatment of long term conditions such as arthritis and osteoporosis.
Exercise helps to increase energy, improve flexibility and range of motion, increase muscular strength and endurance, restore correct muscle balance and movement thereby reducing pain, increase blood supply to the extremities, improve cardiovascular health and decrease the incidence of stroke, heart disease and diabetes.
Other benefits of exercise are:
- It produces a feeling of well being by releasing the neurotransmitters, serotonin and dopamine, which contribute to feelings of euphoria and peace. These neurotransmitters also help increase brain function while performing mental tasks. Exercise is often prescribed as an adjunct to counseling or medication for patients who suffer from depression.
- Exercise can reverse the effects of aging by slowing the deterioration of muscle, brain and nerve functions. Exercise has been proven effective in slowing the rate of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. Physiotherapy prescribed exercises also slow down the progression and help manage the effects of arthritis and osteoporosis.
- Weight loss. Combining an exercise program with proper nutrition is essential to losing weight and keeping it off.